April 24, 2012
The Doctrine of Soteriology
God’s complete work by which He
from eternal ruin,
and bestows on him
the riches of His grace.
remove the penalty of sin.
remove the guilt of sin.
satisfy the justice of God.
end the enmity and restore peace.
All of the work of Christ that involves getting rid of negatives was done on behalf of all people in the world.
All of the work that involves giving positive things is done on behalf of believers.
The blood of Christ - His substitutionary spiritual death on the cross - provided redemption, expiation, propitiation, and reconciliation for every man.
REDEMPTION = the ransom or PRICE paid by our Lord Jesus Christ for our sins. It is the BONDAGE OF SIN side of the cross.
EXPIATION = CANCELLING the DEBT. To put an end to the guilt. It is the GUILT OF SIN side of the cross.
PROPITIATION = SATISFACTION. The justice of God is completely satisfied with the Person and Work of Christ. It is the GODWARD side of the cross.
RECONCILIATION = the removal of the barrier between God and man. Man is restored to PEACE with God. It is the MAN AS ENEMY side of the cross.
JUSTIFICATION = It is the legal act of God whereby He declares the ungodly believer righteous because He has imputed to the believer His perfect righteousness.
It means VINDICATION.
Redemption refers to the ransom paid on the Cross for our salvation.
Redemption (in relation to the bondage of sin): liberation because of a payment made.
People are redeemed from something; namely, from the slave market of sin.
People are redeemed by something; namely, by the payment of a price, the blood of Christ.
People are redeemed to something; namely, to a state of freedom.
Expiation (in relation to the guilt of sin): the aspect of Christ’s work that canceled guilt and the penalty of sin, which is spiritual death. Blood wipes out guilt.
The guilt of sin is removed. Our sins were imputed or transferred to Christ’s account and judged in Him on the cross.
Expiation is doing what is required to remove the guilt of sin, thereby cancelling any penalty attached to that guilt.
Expiation is related to forgiveness.