End Times - Week 28

Thursday Evening Bible Study

Series:  the End Times – Bible prophecy about future events and periods


Teaching Summary for Week 28

The Kingdom and the Covenants

Part 6.  The future Messianic Kingdom in Old Testament prophecy

The Old Testament prophets wrote extensively about the future Messianic Kingdom.  In fact,  the future Kingdom is referred to by nearly every Old Testament prophet.

We now turn our attention to the facts about the Kingdom that the Old Testament prophets describe. 


The Government in the future prophesied Kingdom



Five major subjects in the future prophesied Kingdom

The five major subjects in the Millennium


  1. The Enemy – satan will be bound for the 1,000 years
  2. The Messiah –our Lord Jesus Christ will be revealed to earthly people in all His glory
  3. The Land – Palestine, the promised land
  4. The City – Jerusalem, the world capital
  5. The Temple (worship)


  1. The Enemy – satan will be bound for the 1,000 years
  2. The Messiah –our Lord Jesus Christ will be revealed to the people on earth in all His glory.
  3. The Land – Palestine, the promised land


  1. The land will be Israel’s inheritance:

Eze 36:6-12


  1. The land will be enlarged:

Isa 26:15

Oba 1:17-21


  1. The topography of the land will be altered:

Mic 4:1

 Zec 14:4

 Zec 14:8-10


  1. Rainfall will be plentiful

Eze 34:26-27

Isa 35:6-7

Joe 2:21-24


  1. The land will more fruitful and highly productive:

Isa 32:13-15

Isa 35:1-2

Isa 51:3

Eze 36:29-36

Amo 9:13

Joe 3:18


  1. The land and the cities will be rebuilt after their devastation:

Isa 61:4-5

Eze 36:33-38


  1. The land will be apportioned to the twelve tribes of Israel

Eze 48:1-29. 



  1. The City – Jerusalem, the world capital


  1. Note: Zion is another name for Jerusalem


  1. The 12 gates of the city will be named for the 12 tribes of Israel. 


Eze 48:30-35

30 "These are the exits of the city: on the north side, 4,500 cubits by measurement, 31  shall be the gates of the city, named for the tribes of Israel, three gates toward the north: the gate of Reuben, one; the gate of Judah, one; the gate of Levi, one. 32 "On the east side, 4,500 cubits,  shall be three gates: the gate of Joseph, one; the gate of Benjamin, one; the gate of Dan, one. 33 "On the south side, 4,500 cubits by measurement, shall be three gates: the gate of Simeon, one; the gate of Issachar, one; the gate of Zebulun, one.

34 "On the west side, 4,500 cubits, shall be three gates: the gate of Gad, one; the gate of Asher, one; the gate of Naphtali, one. 35 "The city shall be 18,000 cubits round about; and the name of the city from that day shall be, ' The Lord is there.'"


  1. The boundaries of the city will be greatly enlarged:
    1. The Hebrew word translated here as “cubits” does not mean cubits. It means measures.
    2. According to Eze 40:5, one measure equals 6 “cubit plus a handbreadth” s.
    3. Using 20.24 inches for one cubit, and 4.5 handbreadths per cubit, results in 148.4 inches per measure.
    4. Doing the math, each side of the city is approx.. 10.5 miles.
    5. So  the area of the city of Jerusalem in the Millennial Reign will be about 100 square miles.
    6. Even assuming that one measure equals one cubit, each side of the city would be 1.44 miles, resulting in an area of about 2 square miles.
    7. In King Solomon’s day, the size of the city was about 0.2 square miles, and had grown to 0.7 square miles in Jesus’ day.


Jer 31:38-40

38 "Behold, days are coming," declares the Lord, "when the city will be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. 39 "The measuring line will go out farther straight ahead to the hill Gareb; then it will turn to Goah.

40 "And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields as far as the brook Kidron, to the corner of the Horse Gate toward the east, shall be holy to the Lord; it will not be plucked up or overthrown anymore forever."


  1. Jerusalem will be the center of the entire earth.


Isa 2:2-4

 Now it will come about that

 In the last days

The mountain of the house of the Lord

Will be established as the chief of the mountains,

And will be raised above the hills;

And all the nations will stream to it.

3 And many peoples will come and say,

"Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,

To the house of the God of Jacob;

That He may teach us concerning His ways

And that we may walk in His paths."

For the law will go forth from Zion

And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.

4 And He will judge between the nations,

And will render decisions for many peoples;

And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks.

 Nation will not lift up sword against nation,

And never again will they learn war.


Also Mic 4:1-2


  1. The Millennial Jerusalem is not the same city as the New Jerusalem described in Revelation 21:10-18.


  1. Jerusalem will dwell in peace and security (safety). The city will be protected by the power of the King.


Isa 26:1-4

26  In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah:


"We have a strong city;

He sets up walls and ramparts for security.

2 "Open the gates, that the righteous nation may enter,

The one that remains faithful.

3 "The steadfast of mind You will keep in perfect peace,

Because he trusts in You.

4 " Trust in the Lord forever,

For in God the Lord, we have an everlasting Rock.


Isa 33:20-24

20  Look upon Zion, the city of our appointed feasts;

Your eyes will see Jerusalem, an undisturbed habitation,

 A tent which will not be folded;

Its stakes will never be pulled up,

Nor any of its cords be torn apart.

21 But there the majestic One, the Lord, will be for us

A place of rivers and wide canals

On which no boat with oars will go,

And on which no mighty ship will pass — 

22 For the Lord is our judge,

The Lord is our lawgiver,

The Lord is our king;

 He will save us — 

23 Your tackle hangs slack;

It cannot hold the base of its mast firmly,

Nor spread out the sail.

Then the prey of an abundant spoil will be divided;

 The lame will take the plunder.

24 And no resident will say, "I am sick";

The people who dwell there will be forgiven their iniquity.


Zec 14:10-11

10 All the land will be changed into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem; but Jerusalem will rise and remain on its site from Benjamin's Gate as far as the place of the First Gate to the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananel to the king's wine presses. 11  People will live in it, and there will no longer be a curse, for Jerusalem will dwell in security.



  1. The city will be glorious.  Jerusalem will reflect the glory of the King.

Isa 60:14-21

14 "The sons of those who afflicted you will come bowing to you,

And all those who despised you will bow themselves at the soles of your feet;

And they will call you the city of the Lord,

The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.

15 "Whereas you have been forsaken and hated

With no one passing through,

I will make you an everlasting pride,

A joy from generation to generation.

16 "You will also suck the milk of nations

And suck the breast of kings;

Then you will know that I, the Lord, am your Savior

And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.

17 "Instead of bronze I will bring gold,

And instead of iron I will bring silver,

And instead of wood, bronze,

And instead of stones, iron.

And I will make peace your administrators

And righteousness your overseers.

18 " Violence will not be heard again in your land,

Nor devastation or destruction within your borders;

But you will call your walls salvation, and your gates praise.

19 "No longer will you have the sun for light by day,

Nor for brightness will the moon give you light;

But you will have the Lord for an everlasting light,

And your God for your glory.

20 "Your sun will no longer set,

Nor will your moon wane;

For you will have the Lord for an everlasting light,

And the days of your mourning will be over.

21 "Then all your people will be righteous;

They will possess the land forever,

The branch of My planting,

The work of My hands,

That I may be glorified.


Isa 62:5-10

 5 For as a young man marries a virgin,

So your sons will marry you;

And as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride,

So your God will rejoice over you.

6 On your walls, O Jerusalem, I have appointed watchmen;

All day and all night they will never keep silent.

You who remind the Lord, take no rest for yourselves;

7 And give Him no rest until He establishes

And makes Jerusalem a praise in the earth.

8  The Lord has sworn by His right hand and by His strong arm,

"I will never again give your grain as food for your enemies;

Nor will foreigners drink your new wine for which you have labored."

9 But those who garner it will eat it and praise the Lord;

And those who gather it will drink it in the courts of My sanctuary.

10 Go through, go through the gates,

Clear the way for the people;

 Build up, build up the highway,

Remove the stones, lift up a standard over the peoples.


Zec 2:1-13

  1 Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, there was a man with a measuring line in his hand. 2 So I said, "Where are you going?" And he said to me, "To measure Jerusalem, to see how wide it is and how long it is." 3 And behold, the angel who was speaking with me was going out, and another angel was coming out to meet him, 4 and said to him, "Run, speak to that young man, saying, ' Jerusalem will be inhabited without walls because of the multitude of men and cattle within it. 5 'For I,' declares the Lord, 'will be a wall of fire around her, and I will be the glory in her midst.'"

6 " Ho there! Flee from the land of the north," declares the Lord, "for I have dispersed you as the four winds of the heavens," declares the Lord. 7 "Ho, Zion! Escape, you who are living with the daughter of Babylon." 8 For thus says the Lord of hosts, "After glory He has sent me against the nations which plunder you, for he who touches you, touches the apple of His eye. 9 "For behold, I will wave My hand over them so that they will be plunder for their slaves. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me.

10 " Sing for joy and be glad, O daughter of Zion; for behold I am coming and I will dwell in your midst," declares the Lord. 11 " Many nations will join themselves to the Lord in that day and will become My people. Then I will dwell in your midst, and you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me to you. 12 "The Lord will possess Judah as His portion in the holy land, and will again choose Jerusalem.

13 " Be silent, all flesh, before the Lord; for He is aroused from His holy habitation."



  1. Zion will be the center of worship for Israel and the nations


Zec 8:20-23

20 "Thus says the Lord of hosts, 'It will yet be that peoples will come, even the inhabitants of many cities.

 21 'The inhabitants of one will go to another, saying, "Let us go at once to entreat the favor of the Lord, and to seek the Lord of hosts; I will also go." 22 'So many peoples and mighty nations will come to seek the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem and to entreat the favor of the Lord.' 23 "Thus says the Lord of hosts, 'In those days ten men from all the nations will grasp the garment of a Jew, saying, "Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you."'"



  1. The Temple: Worship in the Millennial Kingdom


  1. The character of the worship


Jer 33:9-11

 ' It will be to Me a name of joy, praise and glory before all the nations of the earth which will hear of all the good that I do for them, and they will fear and tremble because of all the good and all the peace that I make for it.'


10 "Thus says the Lord, 'Yet again there will be heard in this place, of which you say, "It is a waste, without man and without beast," that is, in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem that are desolate, without man and without inhabitant and without beast, 11 the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the voice of those who say,


" Give thanks to the Lord of hosts,

For the Lord is good,

For His lovingkindness is everlasting";

and of those who bring a thank offering into the house of the Lord. For I will restore the fortunes of the land as they were at first,' says the Lord.


Eze 20:40-41

40 "For on My holy mountain, on the high mountain of Israel," declares the Lord God, "there the whole house of Israel, all of them, will serve Me in the land; there I will accept them and there I will seek your contributions and the choicest of your gifts, with all your holy things. 41 " As a soothing aroma I will accept you when I bring you out from the peoples and gather you from the lands where you are scattered; and I will prove Myself holy among you in the sight of the nations.


  1. The Temple in Jerusalem will be the world center of worship. The entire world will unite in the worship of God and His Son the Messiah.

Isa 45:22-25

22 " Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth;

For I am God, and there is no other.

23 " I have sworn by Myself,

The word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness

And will not turn back,

That to Me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear allegiance.

24 "They will say of Me, 'Only in the Lord are righteousness and strength.'

Men will come to Him,

And all who were angry at Him will be put to shame.



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