Basics Series. Soteriology, part 22.

John Farley


December 11, 2012

The Doctrine of Soteriology

The blood of Christ – His substitutionary spiritual death on the cross – provided redemption, expiation, propitiation, and reconciliation for every man.

Redemption Price
Expiation Cancelled
Propitiation Satisfied
Reconciliation Peace
Justification Righteousness


Reconciliation is God’s peace treaty with the entire human race.

The doctrine of reconciliation explains the removal of the barrier between God and mankind through the salvation work of our Lord Jesus Christ on the Cross.

Reconciliation (in relation to the world): the removal of the barrier between God and man, replacing enmity with PEACE.




There are six elements in the barrier, six bricks if you will.

1. sin. A
2. penalty of sin. A
3. condemnation. A
4. relative righteousness. B
5. physical birth. B
6. position in Adam. B

Three of them have to do with negatives that stood in the way of mankind having any relationship with God whatsoever.

The other three have to do with positives that the believer is fitted with in order to live forever with God in the destiny that God has for him.

1. The barrier of our personal sins was actually removed for the whole human race by Christ’s work of Redemption on the cross; 1Ti 2:5-6.

2. The barrier of the penalty and guilt of sin was actually removed for the entire human race by Christ’s work of Expiation on the cross.

3. The unsatisfied character of God was actually solved for all mankind by Christ’s work of Propitiation on the cross; 1Jo 2:2.

The sacrificial death of Christ on the cross completely satisfied the righteousness and justice of God on behalf of the entire human race.

Four doctrines describe reconciliation for the entire human race:
the unlimited atonement, redemption,
and propitiation.

Act 16:31
They said, " Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, [and that goes for] you and your household."

4. The problem of relative righteousness is solved at the moment of faith in Christ by Imputation and Justification.

At the moment of faith in Christ, God’s perfect righteousness is credited to our account.

Redemption and Expiation take us out of the red;

Imputation (of perfect righteousness and eternal life) puts us in the black!

Imputation credits to our account the perfect righteousness of God.

Justification is God declaring us to be perfectly righteous forever, as a legal matter, before the bench of God’s justice.

5. The problem of physical birth and the status of total depravity with an old sin nature is dealt with at the moment of faith in Christ by Regeneration.

Regeneration means that the Holy Spirit gives us a functioning human spirit and God the Father imparts eternal life to our human spirit.

1Pe 1:23
for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, that is, through the living and enduring word of God.

6. Our position in Adam is also resolved when we believe in Christ, by the Federal Headship of Christ and the Baptism of the Holy Spirit , Rom 5:17; 1Co 15:22 .

At salvation, God the Holy Spirit enters every Church Age believer into union with Christ.
This is the Baptism of the Holy Spirit.

Our new position in Christ guarantees us an eternal relationship with Jesus Christ.

Three doctrines tell us what is accomplished for believers only in reconciliation:
Imputation of divine righteousness plus justification,
and the baptism of the Holy Spirit.

These three grace gifts in reconciliation - perfect righteousness, eternal life, and union with Christ – form the basis of the eternal security of the believer.

Barrier Removed By:
Sin Redemption
Penalty of Sin Expiation
Character of God Propitiation
Relative Righteousness Imputation and Justification
Physical Birth Regeneration
Position in Adam Position in Christ


© Lighthouse Bible Church of South Florida, Inc. / John Farley • • All rights reserved.