A high-level outline of the Book of Romans, Part 5

Rom 5:20-6:4; Psa 121:1-3; Rom 7:24-25; Rom 8:1-4; Phi 2:12-13; Rom 8:28-39

ROMANS-15-091011 - length: 70:35 - taught on Oct, 11 2009

Class Outline:

John Farley
October 11, 2009

GAL 5:18 But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law.

The finality, fullness, and the absolute certainty of the Christian’s salvation is the big subject of Romans 5-8.

Christ is His masterpiece.
Christ is His focal point for the human race.

The big subject of Romans 5-8 is the eternal security of the believer.

We saw that Romans 5 lays out the three big reasons why we have absolute security.

First, in ROM 5:1-10, Paul introduces these three themes of eternal security tied to each member of the Trinity.

1. The believer is secure because it is God’s work and not his.

2. God the Holy Spirit places us into His Son the Lord Jesus Christ and we are in union with Him forever.

1CO 1:30 But by His doing you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption,

3. The Holy Spirit has been given to us and indwells us as a seal of our eternal status, EPH 1:13.

Next, in ROM 5:11-21, Paul deals with our union with Christ who is our head.

But now every believer has been taken out of Adam and placed into Christ.

Here in Romans 6, and again in Romans 7, Paul is dealing with objections and difficulties with respect to this teaching.

Paul, what’s gotten into you? Have you become one of those antinomians?

“Antinomianism” does not appear in the New Testament, but it does come from two Greek words:
anti = against
nomos = law.
It means lawlessness.

Paul realizes that legalistic people will hear his teaching on the grace of God and eternal security and accuse Paul of teaching lawlessness.

In Romans 3-5, Christ died for our sins and believers are alive forever in Christ.
In Romans 6 we discover that the sinner died with Christ.

The key to understanding Romans 6 and Paul’s answer to the charge of antinomianism is to master the doctrine of Retro-active Positional Truth.

Retro-active Positional Truth refers to the fact that at the moment of salvation when you were baptized into Christ you were identified with Christ in His spiritual death, physical death, and burial.

Current Positional Truth is identification with Christ in His resurrection, ascension and session.

ROM 6:2 May it never be! How shall we who died to sin still live in it?

At the moment of salvation, God the Holy Spirit baptized you. He placed you in permanent union with the Lord Jesus Christ.

In Romans 7, Paul deals with the Mosaic Law. He shows its purpose and its limitations.

His main point in this chapter is to show that just as the Law could not justify sinful man, the Law cannot sanctify the believer either.

The legalist thinks that the only way to deal with people who sin is to give them a law that tells them not to sin. That will force them to stop sinning.

Paul is going to tell us in Romans 7 the shocking truth that the law came in so that the sin would increase!

The Law, then, is a hindrance and an obstacle to sanctification.

First, in ROM 7:1-6, Paul returns to the subject of retroactive positional truth, that the believer died with Christ.

As Paul teaches in Romans 6, if you are a believer in the Lord Jesus Christ, you have already died to the realm of sin.

Here in Romans 7 Paul says that the believer also died to the law. He works out the implications of dying to the law.

In Romans 7:7-25, Paul gives a personal account of a horrible struggle of the born-again man who tries to force the flesh to obey God’s Law.

“I’, “me”, and “myself” are used 47 times in these last 19 verses of Romans 7.

In verses 14 to 17, the emphasis is on practicing what is hated - the inability to overcome the wicked temptations of the old sin nature.

In verses 18 - 21, the emphasis is on the failure to do the desired good.

The help must come from a source outside of self.

The end of Romans 7 is a cry of utter despair and a new view of Christ, as the One through whom is found deliverance from sin’s power and from the Law that gave it that power.

The struggle that Paul describes in Romans 7 can be avoided by the walk of faith in Christ’s work on the Cross as well as the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit.

Not only does the death of Christ free you from the guilt and penalty of sin. The death of Christ also frees you from the power of sin and the condemnation of the law.

God in Christ is completing His great work in us.
How He does so is the subject for Romans 8.

PHI 1:6 For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.

Romans 8 describes the Holy Spirit’s work in the believer, leading to the final goal or purpose, the glorification of the beloved in Christ.

In ROM 8:5-9, Paul tells us that the Holy Spirit gives us a new mind.

In ROM 8:10-11, Paul tells us that the Holy Spirit will raise up even our mortal bodies, and therefore deliver the body from sin, as the spirit is already delivered.

In ROM 8:12-13, Paul tells us that while we are still here, the Holy Spirit will enable us to crucify the deeds of the body, and we are the ones who do that.

ROM 8:14-17 teaches that the Spirit does this by giving us assurance, the Spirit of adoption.

ROM 8:18-25, the Spirit does this by giving us a grand view of God’s great ultimate purpose.

ROM 8:26-27, Paul shows how the Holy Spirit helps us to pray.

ROM 8:28-39 is the great finale, summing up the whole theme of chapters 5-8.

He has worked out our eternal security along three lines:
It is God’s work.
We are absolutely secure because of our unbreakable union with Christ.
The Holy Spirit is at work in you, and He who began a good work in you WILL complete it.

Romans 8:28-30 describes God’s great purpose for the believer: conformity with Christ.

Notice again the jump from justification all the way to glorification in ROM 8:30!

This is a celebration of the believer’s eternal security!
No one can rob me of this salvation.
I am absolutely secure.