Condemnation by Adam, justification by Christ.

Heb 7:4 - 10; Rom 5:12 - 21

JOHN-89-221127 - length: 49:18 - taught on Nov, 27 2022

Class Outline:

John Farley
Pastor Teacher
November 27, 2022

John Farley
Pastor Teacher
November 27, 2022

Pastor Adams in India - giving opportunity

Healing Hands of Christ home for lepers


GBC Pakistan

Christmas Care Packages

No service on Sunday December 25th (Christmas)

Schedule note

Condemnation by Adam, justification by Christ.

The resurrected, ascended, and seated Christ is a completely new kind of Man.

There is fallen man: Adam.

There is glorified Man: Christ.

You are either in the category of humanity associated with Adam,

or you are in the category of humanity associated with Christ.

Federal headship

“Federal” refers to the action of one for all in a representative manner;

Or the consequences of such action.

HEB 7:4-10

When Abraham acted, his descendants acted in him.

ROM 5:12-21

ROM 5:12-21 presents the two representative Men, Adam and Christ.

There was a federal or representative sin - Adam’s sin.

And death passed to all men not because they sinned, but because Adam sinned.

Christ, as the other representative Man (whom Adam prefigured),

by His act of death on the cross, brought justification and life to believers.

The act of the representative, and not of the one represented, brought the result to pass.

Adam and Christ (verse 14).

Adam’s transgression (verses 12, 15, 17, 18, 19)

and Christ’s one righteous act - His death on the cross (verse 18).


By Adam = condemnation and death (verses 15, 16, 18, 19).

By Christ: justification and life (verses 17, 18, 19).

Condemnation by Adam’s trespass, justification by Christ’s righteous act .

The key word in this passage is “one”. It is found 12 times in Romans 5:12-19.

“one man” - verses 12, 15, and 19
“the one” - verses 15, 16, 17 (3 times) , and 19

“one transgression” - verses 16, 17, 18
“one act of righteousness” - v. 18

The great truth: a representative acted, involving all those connected with him.

Adam: his single act of sin brought about four major consequences:

1. Sin entered the world (verse 12a).

2. Death passed to all men, for all sinned (when Adam sinned)
(verse 12 b, 14,15,17).

3. Through one sin, judgment arose, resulting in condemnation to all men (verses 16, 18).

4. Through one man’s disobedience, all men were set down as sinners (verse 19).

On the other hand, as a result of Christ’s one act of obedience (His death on the cross) :

1. The free gift of justification to life is extended to all men. (verse 18).

2. The many (who receive the gift) will be set down as righteous before God (verse 19).

3. The grace of God abounds to the many (verses 15, 17).

4. Those who receive the God’s grace and the gift of righteousness will reign in life through Christ (verses 15, 21).