Romans: Introduction, part 2

Rom 1:1-17; Rom 15:26; Act 18: 1-2; Rom 3:21-26

WTROM-2-140119 - length: 75:04 - taught on Jan, 19 2014

Class Outline:

John Farley
January 19, 2014

Introduction- part 2.

Romans is the book that maps out the GOOD NEWS from start to finish.

Please read the entire letter of Romans at least once during the next two weeks.

The Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God
The Gospel - GOOD NEWS!
God, God our Father




Some historical background to this epistle to the Romans.

Paul had never visited the saints in Rome although he longed to be able to do so.

We don’t know how the church in Rome was founded.

The saints at Rome consisted of both Jews and Gentiles, but mainly Gentiles.

There are a lot of mentions of Jews and Gentiles together in the book of Romans, and at the end of the letter Paul admonishes them to get along and accept one another.

There are also a lot of references to the Old Testament scriptures and to Old Testament figures in the book of Romans.

We can pinpoint when and where Paul wrote Romans with greater confidence than perhaps any other letter in the New Testament.

Paul informs the Romans that he is finished with his missionary work in the east (ROM 15:19-23)…

… and that he plans to visit Rome after completing his proposed visit to Jerusalem (ROM 15:24-32).

After that , Paul planned to bring the Gospel to the western Roman Empire with Rome as his base of operations.

When we compare Romans with Acts, the time and place for Paul writing Romans becomes clear.

So Paul wrote Romans during the three month period in Acts 20:3 when he was in Greece.

In all likelihood, Paul wrote Romans between AD 55 and AD 58 - AD 57 is most likely - while he was in Corinth.

This shows the value of using a book of history like Acts to shed light on a book like Romans that gives instruction to the saints.

Roman Emperors

Claudius: AD 41-54.

Nero: AD 54-68.

In AD 49, Claudius expelled the Jews from Rome.

With the banishment of the Jews, the churches in Rome became almost exclusively Gentile.

In AD 54, Claudius is poisoned and dies.
Nero allows Jews - including Jewish Christians - to return.

It is not hard to imagine that tensions would arise between Jews and Gentiles.

These tensions between Jews and Gentiles are confirmed by exhortations in Romans 9-11 and Romans 14-15.

1. “I am eager to preach the Gospel to you also who are in Rome.” (ROM 1:1-17)

2. “There is none righteous, not even one.” (ROM 1:18-3:20)

3. “The Righteousness of God through Faith in Jesus Christ.” (ROM 3:21-4:25)

4. “Grace reigns through Righteousness to Eternal Life in Jesus Christ our Lord.” (ROM 5:1-8:39)

5. “To God be the Glory” (Rom 9-11)

6. “Love One Another” (ROM 12:1 - 15:13)

7. “I have written very boldly to you” (ROM 15:14-16:27)

1. Open (Roms 1:1-1:17)
2. Sin (Roms 1:18-3:20)
3. Righteousness (Roms 3:21 - 4:25)
4. Grace (Roms 5:1-8:39)
5. Glory (Roms 9:1 - 11:36)
6. Love (Roms 12:1 - 15:13)
7. Close (Roms 15:14- 16:27)